Llansamlet (1763-1849)



Powerful revival broke out over Builth Hundred in 1763 [CCHMC viii. 74]

Roger Rogers, Llansamlet:

In this revival there was one remarkable person belonging to the church (CM) of Llansamlet, Glamorganshire, called Roger Rogers of Gadle, or as he was generally called, Rotsh o’r Gadle. He had lived a most ungodly life and had a very severe conversion. It is said that very often he would break out in the means, when his tears would flow, and his voice had been sweetened by the power of the feeling, and convince as many as heard him that he had true enjoyment. Thus his account is given in Methodistiaeth Cymru: - ‘It appeared that he had two masters, Messrs Lot and Martin. One time Mr Martin asked him, ‘What’s the matter with you in the meeting? Why are you believers shouting out and praising?’ ‘I don’t know, sir, what’s the matter with the others,’ Rotsh replied, ‘but I know what’s the matter with me. Suppose I had a debt of two hundred pounds, and I was going to Swansea to the prison because of that debt; but at the gate of the prison Mr martin met me, and asked me why I was being put in prison; and having understood the cause, he says to me, ‘You’ll not be going to prison, Rotsh, I’ll pay your debt.’ Do you think it too much if I praised Mr Martin from Swansea to Morriston?’ ‘No, of course not, Rotsh,’ was the reply.

‘Well,’ he said, ‘the Son of God has done much more than that for me; he has redeemed my life, and saved me from hell!’’ [MC iii. 16]

1793 Llansamlet, Gopa Fach, Llanelli, Ystradgynlais, and Creunant. ‘At about this time [1791/2] I felt a compulsion in my mind concerning speaking publicly, but I did not indicate anything or say a word to anyone about this, until brother Griffith Morgans asked and compelled me, and said that he would speak with me when there was a Sabbath without a visiting speaker in Gopa Fach, and so about 1792 I began speaking; and in 1793 when the Chapel had no one visiting, brother Morgans and I would speak publicly there. The following year I began to travel a little from home; not far — only to the neighbouring localities: Llanelli, Loughor, Llansamlet, Ystradgynlais, and Crynant. About this time we had a very strong and powerful revival in Llansamlet. Mr Llwyd of Henllan was at Gopa Fach one Sabbath morning, and in Llangyfelach village for two o’clock, speaking on the Horse Steps, by the upper Tavern House, and the Lord anointed the meeting in a very particular way. That evening at six in Llansamlet there was a most special unction upon the ministry, and as a result a very strong and powerful revival broke out. Scores were added to the Society in Llansamlet, and many of them have continued faithful to the glorious and worthy cause to the end of their days.’ Hopkin Bevan, Ychydig o Hanes, pp.8-9

‘It would not be disadvantageous to the history of religion to draw attention here, to a religious revival that took place at this period [1793?], throughout the regions: y Gopa, Llanelli, Llansamlet, Ystradgynlais, and Creunant. It took stronger hold in the Llansamlet area than in other places. It is clear that the old Methodist ministers called more frequently at the latter place, and so the holy fire, namely the spirit of the revival, was kept more alive, and so its effects were more evident. About this time the famous Llwyd of Henllan, Caio, Carmarthenshire, came past this part of the county. It is said that he had a dewy ministry. He preached one Sabbath at Gopa in the morning, and at two o’clock in Llangyfelach village. The two meetings, the morning and afternoon, were wetted with a tender spiritual rain. The presence of the Spirit of the Lord as dew was evident to the people of Israel. But at six o’clock in Capel-y-Cwm, Llansamlet, the rain descended heavily, the influence became irresistible. Some scores were added in the places referred to to the people who used to worship and serve Jesus Christ. The greater part of them endured to the end, bearing testimony to the grace of God. They experienced the joy of the gospel until death.’ [Williams, Cofiant Hopkin Bevan, pp.32-3]

‘In the year 1792, [Hopkin] Bevan began ‘speaking’, but rather locally for some years; Llanelli, Loughor, Llansamlet, Ystradgynlais and Creunant were his only haunts. At this time, through the preaching of Mr. Llwyd, of Henllan, in Gopa Fach in the morning, from the Horse-Steps by Ty Tafarn uchaf in Llangyfelach in the afternoon, and in Llansamlet in the night, a powerful revival broke out and many were added to the churches, particularly in Llansamlet.’ [CCHMC ii. 46; cf. W. Samlet Williams, Hanes a Hynafiaethau Llansamlet, p.252]

‘The Lord visited Llansamlet several times with powerful revivals, through which many were added to the number of believers from time to time; and among them some of the most wicked and prodigal of the region. The old people remember particularly the revival of 1793; a year of lovely revival, and of great additions. At this time various men were brought to faith who were notorious for their ungodliness; men who it was as surprising to see amongst the believers as it was to see Saul amongst the prophets.’ [MC iii. 16, 17].

James Bowen writing to Thomas Charles from Castle Gorfod on 24th January 1795 says: ‘There is a sweet revival in the neighbourhood of Llansamlet which is near Swansea, and it continues very fine along Tivy side from New Castle down, tho’ I understand not so fresh in every place as it hath been last Summer; likewise in the Neighbourhoods of New Chapel [Capel Newydd, Pembrokeshire], Cleddey [now Milford Haven], Nevern, and Newport; It has been flattened in this neighbourhood and is at present a winter season on most of the Young People, nevertheless though this is the weather that I think we generally experience at this time, And though some have left us and joined other Denominations, and others have gone back into the World, yet, Eternal praises to God, such are few in comparison to those who have been hitherto kept; and there is seldom a society but we receive in one, sometimes more.’ [LTC ii. 147]

1806 Llansamlet. ‘In the year 1806 there was another revival. It started in Swansea, and was especially experienced by the young people in Llansamlet.’ [MC iii. 17] 1827 The present revival in South Wales commenced among the Calvinistic Methodists at the village of Caio, in the county of Carmarthen, about the latter end of the year 1827, and was for some time confined to that religious body. Their meetings were blessed with an unusual degree of religious feeling; and on one occasion, a few individuals were so much affected that they cried out for mercy. They were joined by some religious characters, who were then convinced that their piety had been at too low an ebb, and thus the feeling became general in the neighbourhood. The most remarkable conversion, before the revival became general at that place, was that of a young man of the most abandoned character. . . . . While the minister was speaking of the sufferings of Christ, the perfection of his atonement, and his capability to save the chief of sinners, the reprobate servant was pierced to the heart, and cried out in the most affecting manner for pardoning mercy and renewing grace. In a little time after, the good work became more general, until at length all denominations in the neighbourhood caught the flame. The worst of characters were conquered, and scoffers ceased to scoff. Methodists, Baptists, and Independents felt the heavenly flame. The revivals did not stop in that part of the country, but soon appeared in a line from Cilycwm to Llanwrtyd, and even as far as Builth. Llandovery, Llandeilo, and many other places, were visited in a similar manner. There were also great revivals in Glamorganshire, especially at Cwmllynfell, Neath, Morriston, Mynyddbach and Swansea. Mr. Evans, of Mynyddbach, in December last, received above 200 persons to communion. During the last two months above 600 have been admitted to the fellowship of the Independent church at Morriston, including those on probation. The moral change which has already taken place in the neighbourhood of Swansea and Morriston is truly great. As a friend of mine was returning one evening, about a month back, from Llansamlet to Swansea, he could hear nothing on the road but singing of hymns and repeating portions of Scripture, even by those persons whom he had seen a few Sunday evenings before dancing and rioting. Instead of quarrelling and fighting as usual, they now return from their work in peace and harmony, congratulating each other on the great things which the Lord hath done for them. 1828 Morriston, Llansamlet etc. ‘In the year 1828 on the 11th of October, the Meeting House in Loughor was opened, and in the following week, October the 15th and 16th, the Association was to be in Aberafon, and few days after that a revival started to break out very fervently in Morriston; and after a short time I was to be in Morriston the Sabbath morning of the 23rd of November at 10, Llansamlet at 2, and Swansea at 6; the fire began to break out very strongly in Llansamlet that Sabbath, and to some degree in Swansea. The revival proceeded very powerfully throughout the regions. On Christmas day after that, Neath Meeting house was being opened after renovation; the revival broke out very powerfully that day; that revival spread to Aberafon, and up to Ystradgynlais, and to various other places; it also came to Llangyfelach, and throughout the regions there was added to the Independents and [Calvinistic] Methodists close to three thousand souls; but to our sorrow, after a few years, we saw many of them turn back by backsliding; but many of them have had the privilege of standing until now, and hopefully be held, and the others return in repentance.’ (Hopkin Bevan, Ychydig o Hanes, p.23; CCHMC ii. 77; Williams, Cofiant Hopkin Bevan, pp.64-5

1849 South Wales. Thomas Rees’s account: THE GREAT REVIVAL IN SOUTH WALES IN 1849.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE CHRISTIAN WITNESS. Some months ago, on the suggestion of my excellent friend, Mr. Joseph Maybery, of Llanelly, I wrote to the ministers of those churches which were most signally blessed with these awakenings, for the numbers added to their churches during the year, intimating my intention of publishing the account in one of the periodicals. The following is a list of as many of the churches as furnished me with the numbers added to them. If you will insert it in the CHRISTIAN WITNESS, it will undoubtedly be pondered over with gratification. by thousands of your pious readers, and will also be transmitted to future generations as a memorial of the gracious dealings of God with our highlyprivileged nation:- Churches Numbers added Ministers

in 1849

Ebenezer, Swansea 87 E. Jacob.

Zion Chapel, ditto 150 T. Davies.

Zoar, ditto 115 R. Rees.

Canaan Chapel, ditto 60 E. Watkins.

Bethel, Llansamlet 72 Ditto.

Pentre Estyll 170 T. Davies, Swansea.

Mynyddbach 85 J. Davies.

Neath, the two Chapels, about 460 D. Evans, J. Matthews.

Briton Ferry and Skiwen 150 Vacant.

And more

The foregoing list is, of course, imperfect, as it scarcely contains one-half of the churches which were blessed by the wonderful revival of last year. It is supposed that from 1,200 to 1,500 persons were added to the nine Congregational churches in the parish of Merthyr Tydvil, and at least 1,000 to the churches in Carmarthenshire besides those in the above list, such as Llandovery, Llangadock, Llandilo, Carmarthen, Llanelly, &c.

One very peculiar feature of this wonderful movement was, the great numbers of converts who pressed together, at the same time, to the anxious meetings. In some localities meetings for conversing with the awakened were held every evening throughout the week, and sometimes oftener; and from twenty to thirty individuals were examined at each meeting. Mr. Hughes, of Dowlais, gave the right hand of fellowship to two hundred and forty persons the same Sabbath morning, on their admission to the Lord’s Supper; and your correspondent had the soulcheering gratification of doing the same to two hundred and ten on the 28th of October last.

These gracious visitations of the Spirit of God were not confined to the Congregational churches. Some thousands were added to the Baptist churches in the counties of Monmouth and Glamorgan, and great numbers joined the Calvinistic and Wesleyan Methodist Societies in some localities.

Many good warmhearted old Christians had their doubts of the reality of these movements, because they were not attended by loud cries, promiscuous singing, jumping, &c., as some former revivals were; but the audible groans of hundreds, and the floods of tears shed under the preaching of the word, clearly manifested some strong inward feelings, which the eloquence or the schemes of man could not effect; and what is still a more convincing proof that it was a work of the Spirit of God, the thousands of young converts, with comparatively rare exceptions, are walking worthy of their holy profession.

It will be readily acknowledged that the terrible visitation of the Cholera was principally the means of arousing the attention of our hearers to consider seriously the important truths with which they were already theoretically acquainted; but who will venture to deny that the Lord had mercifully ordained this awful scourge as the means of accomplishing his gracious purpose of saving thousands?

The mighty movements are not felt now as they were eight or nine months ago in any place; but things wear a very encouraging aspect. Almost all the churches are peaceful; the attendance on the means of grace is unparalleled in the history of religion amongst us; our youth manifest great thirst for religious knowledge; our Sabbathschools are very flourishing; a number of pious and talented young men are preparing for the ministry; and many of the young ministers who were ordained within the last six years are very active and promising.

The Welsh is now one of the most religious nations on the face of the earth. Ninetenths of the middle and working classes are either professors of religion or constant attendants on the means of grace. Evangelical religion in Wales has the public opinion decidedly in its favour. But, alas! we are, as a nation, after all, very far from what we ought to be. Sin and Satan are still amongst us, and the time is not yet come for the people of God to take their rest. May the Spirit of the lord continue to pour his blessings upon us, and may his mighty power be felt amongst the millions of England, and throughout the whole wide world!

I am, Dear Sir,

Yours in the bonds of the Gospel,

THOMAS REES.

Beaufort, near Abergavenny,

May 7, 1850.’

(The Christian Witness, vii (1850), pp.315-6, reprinted in Rees, Miscellaneous Papers, pp.93-6)

‘The year 1849 was a year of singular judgments and mercies to the inhabitants of South Wales. That terrible pestilence, the cholera, swept hundreds away in a few weeks, and by the Divine blessing which attended the awful visitation, thousands were brought to think of their ways and turn to the Lord. All the places of worship in the manufacturing districts of the counties of Monmouth and Glamorgan for some months during the summer and autumn were overcrowded. Multi­tudes who had not been seen at any place of worship during the previous ten or fifteen years, became regular attendants for a time; and though many of them, when the pestilence ceased, returned to their former evil habits, still a large number of that class have been thoroughly changed, and continue to this day to attend the house of God. Most of those who were regular hearers before then joined the churches. No less than 9,139 were added to 67 Independent churches in the counties of Monmouth, Glamorgan, Brecknock, and Caer­marthen, in the course of three or four months. Many feared that an unusual number of relapses would follow this sudden increase, but their fears were not realized to nearly the extent it was apprehended.’ (HPNW p.430) This information was kindly provided by Geraint Jones

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