Cyffylliog (1821)



About the year 1821, in a prayer-meeting on the first Monday night of the month, a powerful revival began at Bontuchel and regions. The prayer-meeting was held in a dwelling house in Cyffylliog, and as an old verse of Pantycelyn's was sung the awakening began. Nobody sings it now -

Duw, os wyt am ddibennu'r byd, If Thou would'st end the world, O Lord

Cyflawna'n gynta'th Air i gyd, Accomplish first Thy promised word,

Dy etholedig galw 'nghyd And gather home with one accord

O gwmpas daear fawr; From every part Thine own;

Aed sain Efengyl i bob gwlad, Send out Thy word from pole to pole,

A golch fyrddiynau yn dy waed, And with Thy blood make thousands whole,

A dyro iddynt wir iachad - Till health has come to every soul,

Ac yna tyrd i lawr. And after that - come down! [God, if thou wouldst end the world, first altogether fulfil thy Word, call together thine elect from around the wide earth; send the sound of the Gospel to every land, and wash myriads in thy blood, and give them true healing - and then come down.] As the verse was sung over and over again, Cathrin Jones, Ty'n-y-ffordd, broke out shouting, and it went like wildfire through the place.

The next week, in the chapel at Bont, in a prayer-meeting, another old verse of Pantycelyn's was given out -

Pwy yno fydd Blaenor y gân. Who there will be the leader of the song?

Ai Dafydd, neu Moses, neu pwy? Will it be David, or Moses, or who?

Ai'r llanciau fu 'nghanol y tân, The youths who were in the midst of the fire,

Hen Abram, neu rhywun sydd fyw? Old Abram, or someone alive?

Ond prin y gall Blaenor y gân But scarce will the leader of the song be able

I seinio un sillaf ond un, To sound one syllable but one,

Na bydd yr holl nefoedd yn lân The whole of heaven will not purely

Yn moli fy Iesu'n gytûn. Praise my Jesus together. As the old verse was sung, John Jones, Hengoed, broke out fervently rejoicing so that it went boiling through the whole congregation. And that was the start of the revival in Bontuchel. "News of it travelled far, and its influence was powerfully felt in the neighbourhood. At the time the preaching was with power, the prayers with the touch of heaven, the singing of praise like the singing of angels, the experience of the church with unction, backsliders ran back, wild men were tamed by grace. There was hardly any house in the region that did not have family worship. The sound of singing would be heard in the fields, in the cowsheds, at the well, and along the road. The region was altogether a heavenly song. The gatherings at the smith had changed their tune/one; and not the same language that was heard in the mill. The out-lofts [lofts above the out-house often used as accommodation for farm workers] became places of worship, before going to sleep; and the servant were seen praying before beginning their work."

Some doubted the nature of the visitation, and they frowned upon it until some drops fell on them. The old elder, Robert Llwyd of Ruthin was doubtful, but he happened to experience things for himself. He and two friends went to the seiat in Bontuchel, and they were given a great welcome. They found themselves in a new atmosphere, and their hearts were touched with the fervency of the meeting. Robert Llwyd was asked to close the meeting with prayer. The old brother well knew the way to the Throne of Grace, and it was not long before he got a hold of it. Scores broke out rejoicing, and the end of the seiat became the start of a prayer-meeting. "Some in the church were saved without believing, and others came in, holding tightly in Jesus."

The revival continued for some years, and there would be rejoicing in the homes during family worship. In one family, in the family worship, the Psalm containing the following words was read: "I will praise thee: for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works; and that my soul knoweth right well." [Psalm 139:14] "My soul knoweth, my soul knoweth that right well," said the maid; "blessed be the name of the Lord; glory to his name. Hallelujah!" "Glory", said the woman of the house, and by then the place was aflame. Everyone went out of the house, and went along to the chapel, about two or three miles away. The singing along the road was like a bell calling the faithful to the house of God, and by the time they reached the chapel the place was full.

It was a very general revival, and touched the hearts of young and old alike, men and women There is the wonderful account of Cadws Jones' son. He would rejoice as loudly as any, and old Simon Llwyd would carry him on his shoulders in the chapel, so that everyone could hear him. His words would have a wonderful effect on the people, and when he grew up he was very useful to the cause throughout his life. It was general with regard to location. The rejoicing was not confined to the chapel, but occurred in the houses and fields. Conversation would be about religion, and very often the conversation would turn to rejoicing, and the rejoicing to worship. Thomas Jones, Cae Efa, was cutting corn one day, and as he was thinking of the plan of salvation, and of heaven, he was moved in his spirit. He cast aside his scythe and began to sing joyfully the old verse -

Galaru'r wyf mewn dyffryn du I mourn in a dark valley

Wrth deithio i dy fy nhad; As I travel to my Father's house;

Ar ben y bryniau'n llawenhau On the top of the hills rejoicing

Wrth weld cyrrau'r wlad: As I see the borders of the land:

'R wy'n ddu fy lliw, a'm gwisg yn wen, I am black in colour, and my raiment white,

'R wy'n llawen ac yn brudd; I rejoice and am sad;

'R wy'n agos iawn, ac eto 'mhell, I am very near, and yet far away,

'R wy'n waeth, 'r wy'n well bob dydd. I am worse, I am better each day. It is said of one enthusiastic brother that he saw a preacher one day in poor clothes; he took off his best clothes to give to the preacher. Most amazingly it was mainly Old Testament Scriptures that were used as themes for their rejoicing. This, it is likely, was one of the characteristics of the Beddgelert revival. But no doubt it was the Old Testament in the light of the New Testament that produced the rejoicing. It is said that Isaac Watts, as he turned the Psalms into metrical verse, baptised them into the Christian faith. So also would the old godly people; they understood everything in the Old Testament in terms of the New Testament and went along every path directly to the cross and the Man who was crucified on it for the sin of the world.’ [GMR? or Drys. 1886, pp.415-8?; MC iii. 154 [NB 1821]; Hanes Meth. Dyffryn Clwyd, pp.1, 52-8]

This information was kindly provided by Geraint Jones


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