to preach in the fields and against anti-christian toleration. This was published on the 17th January, 1688. He was arrested in Edinburgh on 31st January and charged with preaching against the payment of the cess. He was at last harged with disowning the king's authority, the lawfulness of paying the cess and the unlawfulness of carrying arms.
He was sentenced to death, and on 17th February he was hanged at the Grassmarket, the last victim in this country called to seal his testimony to his religious convictions with his blood.
Around 100 Covenanters were executed in the Grassmarket between 1661 and 1688.